India has been an independent country for over 70 years. It is an ample amount of time for any country to have their policies and system in place. Many daily wage Indian Labour who work in the construction sector live in slums. The subhuman condition hasn’t changed much since India got its independence.
Living Conditions Of The Indian Labour Class
India is developing at an exponential rate. If we happen to visit a place after a few years gap, we find it difficult to even recognise it. Some places, especially in and around the metro cities of India have undergone a complete transformation. This would never be possible without a strong and dedicated Indian Labour Workforce who we often get the back burner in the matters of development and reform.
Most of the Indian labours working in the construction sector dwell from small villages across the country. While they work constantly towards making our world look more beautiful and safe, they get the bad side of the deal. Most of them don’t even have access to the basic necessities.
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Inability To Access The Basic Amenities
A daily wage Indian labour works for around 8 to 10 hours every day. Gender discrimination is the least when it comes to this job sector. Women bear a greater burden at times when they have their babies with them. After a day long hard work, drenched in sweat and grime, a few rotis and a sabzi (Indian bread and vegetables) is all they can afford. They can’t even afford to live in a house with concrete walls that has a bathroom. These poor people bathe in open and walk towards a lesser populated place with a water bottle in their hands to defecate. They live in slums that have piled up waste but no one to clean it. They don’t earn enough to buy good clothes for themselves or their children. Just a look at their torn and worn out clothes will be sufficient to identify them.
This is the sad truth of the subhuman conditions of the Indian Labour Workforce. The Government of India has failed miserably to ensure that the daily wage worker is able to get a decent life.
No Benefit Schemes Or Plans
Unlike other developed countries where even the daily wage or a contract worker is entitled to the benefits by the company, Indian Labour workforce stays deprived of it. Most contractors or builders don’t hire these daily wage workers full time. They stay on contract. Contract laws in India state that the daily wage contract worker should get the benefits as the law states. But this seldom happens. Most daily wage workers are not aware of their rights. There is no government body ensuring that they are made aware of them and the laws are executed efficiently.
Looking at the plight of the slums where these workers live, it is incomprehensible how after a hard days work by more than two members of a family, in some cases, can’t allow Indian Labour Workforce a decent home, healthy meal, clothes and education for their children.
The Policies Need To Be Re-Written
While the government caters to the rich, which is evidently observed on many occasions, it often forgets the weak. These people have no voice. They have suffered the exploitation through generations due to which they have adapted to this way of life. The pall that covers their thoughts needs to be lifted by the proactive effort of the responsible government bodies and help the Indian Labour Workforce to live with dignity.
The human rights watchdog need to get more active and compel the representative bodies of the government to ensure that in future budgets, they ought to have created a working plan to implement on the following key areas:
- One persons daily earning through minimum wage should be enough to support a family and live with honour
- The primary employers of these Indian Labour must ensure to provide a proper living home rather than a tin-shed slum without basic amenities
- These daily wagers must get proper medical cover as directed by the government
- Proper education for the children of this temporary work force.
- Other benefits like leaves, provident fund and a scope for permanent employment if possible